what is it, how is it made and with which products

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Exfoliation is a word we often hear in the beauty world but not everyone knows what it is. Here is a helpful guide with everything you need to know.


The exfoliation is an aesthetic treatment which consists in the elimination of the superficial layer of the epidermis composed of dead cells and makeup or dirt residue. The process of removing dead cells from the stratum corneum can be done with to rub, scrub or scrub. Exfoliation is performed on the skin of the face or on the skin of the body.

The term exfoliation was coined by the geological field where exfoliations are fractures that form on the surface of rocks and create slabs that then break off. Likewise in the beauty sector what is exfoliated, instead of rock, is the skin.


If the skin is rid of dead cells and dirt residues (make-up, dust from external atmospheric agents), the skin tissues are oxygenated, favoring cell renewal. The skin after exfoliation becomes fresher, cleaner, more luminous, purified and regenerated, with a healthy appearance.

In addition, when exfoliation is performed, it promotes the increase of skin circulation thanks to the massage performed and the physiological renewal of the epidermis is stimulated. Performing periodic facial exfoliation also has other benefits: reduction in the appearance of pimples, comedones (blackheads) and reduction of large pores. It generally has no effect on skin blemishes, wrinkles or signs of aging.



Simply one to three times a week. There are also specific exfoliating products that allow daily use in the morning and evening cleansing routine (eg Clinique’s 3-Step Skin Care System Exfoliating).


There are different exfoliation methods and different products that achieve the same result. Here are the three best known:


Scrub is a creamy substance that contains within it hard microparticles such as salts, sugar, seed fragments, mineral microcrystals. It is applied to the skin and massaged. By performing circular massages on all areas of the face (or body), the skin is desquamated by eliminating dirt and dead cells. The massage should be light to avoid creating abrasions. Then proceed with rinsing to remove dirt and gum residue.

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Scrub is a cream or gel based substance that it contains dust rice, oats, hazelnuts or other powders of natural substances. It is applied to the skin and massaged. Also in this case, a massage is performed on dry or slightly moistened skin, then the product is removed with water.


Scrub is a product that contains chemicals, usually acids, which serve to remove the superficial layer of the skin. The most used are fruit acids such as glycolic acid or salicylic acid. Peeling in English means to peel, a verb that perfectly recalls the cell elimination effect exerted on the skin. It is applied to the skin and a light massage is performed.

there is also me medical peels yes mechanical peels made with special machines. For example, there are tools for doing microdermabrasion, superficial or deep chemical peels. In these cases, however, we enter a medical field, with dermatological treatments to treat, for example, acne scars, stretch marks, rosacea, dermatitis or other more serious skin problems.

For all types of facial exfoliation, it is important always avoid the eye area and the lip liner. In these areas the skin is very sensitive and thin and we could create unnecessary irritation or redness.

Body scrub


Exfoliation done with scrubs can lead to redness on the skin. If done too aggressively, it can cause micro tears. For example, a practice that is not recommended consists of applying the scrub with the sonic massage facial cleansing brushes: the massage would be too impetuous for the skin. The ideal solution is to perform a simple circular massage with the hands.

who has a lot of skin sensitive should prefer peeling or scrubbing over scrubbing. Moreover, those who suffer from rosacea he must perform a short massage because if it goes on too long, it risks over-stimulating the microcirculation.



We share the advice of Dr David OrentreichClinique’s leading dermatologist, to achieve flawless skin through exfoliation.

  • The exfoliation is comparable tophysical exercise, for this it is better to follow a tailor-made program. The right exfoliation intensity varies according to the type of skin, the time of year we go through, the external environment and the lifestyle of each of us. Thus, depending on climatic changes or mutations that the skin undergoes with age, it is possible to switch to a more delicate formula Where vary the intensity or frequency exfoliation.
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  • The chemical exfoliants, such as salicylic acid, are more beneficial than simple mechanical exfoliation. For example, they help slow premature skin aging mechanisms while being gentle enough to be used frequently. Another element that makes them optimal is the fact that they are not photosensitivethat is to say, being able to expose your skin to the sun without worrying about the appearance of possible spots caused by the exfoliant used.

  • It is especially important to exfoliate the skin during the warmer months and moist because when the skin is attacked by UV rays, cell renewal is not sufficient and this results in skin with clogged pores or, worse, in the appearance of unsightly skin imperfections. Exfoliation helps prevent these kinds of problems.

  • Finally, exfoliation helps keep the skin fresh and glowing at the same time. promotes better absorption daily moisturizer.

Skin scrub


Exfoliating products are readily available in any perfumery. You can choose between the three types that we have described above (scrub, scrub and scrub) and there are also specific products for sensitive skin or natural scrubs and organic products suitable for people allergic to certain substances.

You can find both low-cost products at low prices and more expensive products from luxury brands. Here is a selection of recommended products:


  • Exfoliating Scrub Clinic (price €32.50): face exfoliating cream for daily use, eliminates dead cells, refines skin texture and softens features. Its delicate formula smoothes the lip contour and controls excess sebum.
  • Erbolario face scrub (€16.50): acts delicately on impurities and dead cells thanks to the mechanical action of smoothing microgranules and the delicate cleansing action of soapy quillaia. With 99% ingredients of natural origin.
  • Dr. Organic Rose Face Scrub (cost €15.90): delicate natural facial scrub for delicate and dull skin. Bioactive rose oil is blended with micro-particles of volcanic rock, corn powder and ground fruit seeds to form a rich, cleansing scrub.
  • StriVectin weekly glycolic peel (price €89): regenerating treatment to do at home in just 5 minutes. Its powerful concentration of glycolic acid and AHA makes the complexion brighter, the surface of the skin smoother and the texture refined.
  • Pure Active Glycolic Acid Collistar, perfect peeling of the skin (price 46€): contains glycolic acid and is designed for daily use. Day after day, it renews the skin, helping it regain its ideal perfection.
  • The Ordinary AHA 30% + BHA 2% Scrub Solution (€9.99): mask with a gel texture based on AHA (glycolic, lactic, tartaric, citric) and BHA (salicylic) acids. Exfoliates skin for a brighter appearance and minimizes pores. Not suitable for sensitive skin, this is a premium The Ordinary product.
  • Lancôme Clarity Scrub (cost €36): fresh illuminating exfoliating gel for normal or combination skin. Contains white wax microbeads with massaging properties and exfoliating microgranules that gently remove dead cells and impurities.
  • La Prairie Cellular Mineral Face Scrub (cost €141): gel product that contains earth rich in minerals, rosa centifolia and an exclusive cellular complex. Ensures silky skin, minimized pores and increased radiance.
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Facial scrubs


  • Collistar Talasso Energizing Scrub (cost €50): skin revitalization and renewal treatment that uses the benefits of the sea (thalassotherapy) and those of selected essential oils (aromatherapy) to enhance the effects of the scrub.
  • Collistar Talasso-Anti-Aging Scrub (cost €50): with essential oils, orange blossom and Sicilian citrus fruits, it combines the benefits of thalassotherapy with those of citrus therapy. It has an exfoliating and regenerating, anti-free radical and lightening, revitalizing, regenerating and anti-aging action.
  • Collistar Firming body scrub (cost €50): exfoliating and detoxifying product composed of a mixture of sea salts, red salt from Hawaii and cherry stone powder. Combine the benefits of thalassotherapy with the firming effectiveness of an Italian active ingredient: Emilia-Romagna cherry, rich in omega 3 and 6 and vitamins A and E.
  • Lavera Smoothing & Toning Shower Scrub (price €6.50): contains a complex of organic active ingredients with green coffee, green tea, rosemary, grapes and natural jojoba particles, which have a deep but delicate exfoliating effect.
  • HUMAN + KIND, Body Body scrub (price €15.99): scrub with a delicate fragrance to exfoliate the skin, eliminate dead cells and leave it extremely soft.
  • Clarins Renovating Exfoliating Scrub (cost €43): thanks to the double exfoliating and regenerating action, the Renovating Exfoliating Scrub eliminates the causes of dull complexion, giving radiance to the skin.
  • Avril Organic Body Scrub (price €7.99): natural body scrub made from organic cane sugar butter, rice powder and almond shells, has an exfoliating but delicate effect on the whole body.
  • Biofficina Toscana Pomegranate Body Scrub (cost €18.90): eco-friendly, vegan and cruelty free product. Contains organic pomegranate granules, sea salt, sugar and baking soda. Gently and effectively exfoliates thanks to the combination of different grain sizes. It smells of delicate fruity notes.

Body scrubs

Do you take care of your skin with a scrub? What products have you tried and could you recommend? Let us know your thoughts.

For perfect skincare, here are our helpful guides:

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